Commission for Social Development

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The United Nations holds an annual session of the Commission for Social Development. The World Summit on Social Development held in Copenhagen in 1995 has allowed many international bodies and governments of the world, to lay the basis of Social Development understood as development centered around the improvement of the existing conditions of the human being with his own participation, on the one hand, and find solutions on phenomena such as poverty, unemployment, decent work and social inclusion, on the other hand. Present at these talks, President Paul Biya declared that "Social Development is and remains the ultimate goal of any real economic growth. It is a matter of equity and a requirement of national solidarity, a priority and a necessity."
During these talks, the basis for a world social charter for the adoption of ten (10) commitments for the creation of a better world was put in place. The challenges involved should result in research and achievement of the following results:
-    welfare of children, men and women;
-    integration of the democratization process;
-    fight against poverty;
-    social integration;
-    equal rights for both sexes;
-    fight against unemployment and the prohibition of child labour;
-    free compulsory and quality education for all;
-    increase economic and social assistance to developing countries.
The Commission for Social Development of the United     Nations, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council Nations, is primarily responsible for monitoring the Copenhagen World Summit commitments. This Commission held a review session and a session guideline, alternating every year in the month of February. States and organizations of the civil society take part in it. Priority issues concerning the social problems that affect all member countries.
Forty-six (46) states are statutory members for a mandate of four (04) years, while other states are observers. Cameroon is a statutory member of that body until 2015. It had already served on that Commission for the period 1996 to 2000. It is always represented either by a national delegation of experts, led by the Minister of Social Affairs, or by the senior officials of the Permanent Mission of Cameroon to the United Nations.
In 2000, the 24th Special Session of the UN General Assembly, which was attended by the Head of State, resulted in the Millennium Declaration. This statement revealed in 08 Goals for Development; thus defining human needs and fundamental rights that everyone should be able to enjoy.
Also, since 2004, the discussions held during the sessions of the Commission for Social Development of the United Nations focused on the following themes:

Session

Date

Theme

1

42nd

February 2004

National and international cooperation at the service of Social Development

2

43rd

February 2005

Improving efficiency in the Public Sector

3

44th

February 2006

Review of the first United Nations Decade for the Eradication of Poverty

4

45th

February 2007

Review of further implementation of the outcomes of the World Summit for Social Development and the second special session of the General Assembly of the United Nations

5

46th

February 2008

Promoting Full Employment and Decent Work for All

6

47th

February 2009

Social integration

7

48th

February 2010

Social integration

8

49th

February 2011

Eradication of poverty

9

50th

February 2012

Eradication of poverty

10

51st

Février 2013

Eradication of poverty

The discussions on the three last themes aimed at promoting the establishment of a human society based on equity and social justice, and supports the social inclusion of vulnerable groups.
In fact, placing the individual without exclusion at the heart of any development mechanism is a universal imperative that Cameroon, under the very high impulse of the Head of State His Excellency Paul Biya, has set itself as the ultimate purpose of its economic growth. "Vision for Development of Cameroon in 2035" which aims at making Cameroon an emerging country democratic and united in its diversity " and the Strategy Document for Growth and Employment (DSCE) which provides for the reference period (2010-2020), growth with a human face is a perfect example of this commitment.
The results related to socio-integration efforts and poverty eradication, fully backed Employment and Decent Work for All, are noticeable and show a substantial improvement in  economic and social indicators. These results include:
-    recruitment in February 2011 25 000 young graduates Cameroon in the Public Service. This has removed thousands of young Cameroonians from the informal sector and unemployment.
-    modernization of the agricultural sector which employs 60% of the population and the main initiator of growth in terms of comparative advantages and potentialities  which Cameroon has in abundance;
-    the implementation of reforms for the modernization of socio-economic infrastructure and extension of HIL (High Intensity Labour) - sources of growth and employment.
-    increased health infrastructural and free distribution of more than eight million (8,000,000) bed nets in the fight against malaria;
-    free primary education in government schools;
-    the creation of business incubators (professional tools and employability of students);
-    granting scholarships for professional training and learning to vulnerable persons with disabilities including 48.40% men and 51.60% women;
-    the pursuit of social dialogue and strengthening of the social safety network;
-    the recent creation of the regulation mission  for the supply of  products of mass consumption as a way of fighting against high cost of living in Cameroon;
-   strengthening the self-care capacities for socially vulnerable persons with disabilities by the “3A” approach: Assistance, Accompaniment and Autonomy" in the realm of Social benefit.

Language

English (UK)

Research

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