Forum on National Solidarity

  • PDFPrintE-mail

The First Forum on National Solidarity in Cameroon held from June 21 to June 24, 2005. This meeting appeared therefore as a concrete example of a desire to unite the huge treasure of traditional values, with national and international responses in relation with the requirements of the welfare of all vulnerable groups.

1- Background and justification

Despite an improvement in the economic, political, social and institutional environment in Cameroon, one can note:
- a quantitative increase of disadvantaged people, groups and communities, manifested by a strong pressure to meet the needs and demands of social services across the social action system;
- a maladjustment and an inability of all security and legal mechanisms of social protection in force in order to give adaquate answers to situations of the disadvantaged.  This situation is compounded by the total exclusion of these groups from some benefits currently offered;
- the perturbation, the dislocation (or the demolition) of mutual aid and traditional solidarity networks woven around the family, neighbourhood, tribe or clan, based on relationships between individuals, traditional social structures, communal life and relations among collectivities face to the magnitude and diversity of new aids needs;
- a provision of services that takes place under conditions of inefficiency with services segmented, partitioned between sectors of activities or institutions, public and private, not always adequate for the needs of populations, weakly coordinated in a climate marked by suspicion and distrust;
- a low exploitation of the registered capital of communities and collectivities as well as national and international resource opportunities in favour of the disadvantaged.
In addition, problems of social integration are now exacerbated because of demographic pressure, socio-cultural changes and each day, the emergence of social needs to be met.  Better, the system of legal security and traditional solidarity can not alone cope with the high pressure of the social demand caused by the precarious living conditions of the disadvantaged and the requirements relating to the fight against poverty and social exclusion.
Therefore, the emergency that calls actors of the social sector is linked to the formation of a new solidarity and to the  commitment of the various stakeholders, civil and private, alongside public bodies in order to enable the most disadvantaged to benefit from the collective dynamics of the society.

2- Goal and Objectives of the Forum

a) Goal

The Forum is presented as a communication space destined to bring up the problem of social exclusion in Cameroon.  In addition to raising awareness on social exclusion, the Forum has been the starting point for major actions towards social and economic reintegration of people victims of the throes of the crisis.  It has been the trigger to the establishment of an effective system of solidarity among Cameroonians.
Also, one of the first concerns of that meeting was to succeed in inviting multiple stakeholders to commit themselves according to their skills around social needs of vulnerable populations.  Thus, it should enable different social actors to have knowledge on the social situation of the socially maladjusted and the emergency of their needs on one hand and to take part in the choice of priorities and orientations of social actions on the other.
The realisation of this meeting also helped to establish a real collaboration, developed in accordance with differences and mutual trust, from intervention mechanisms chosen.
Finally, the forum aimed at increasing the effectiveness of social interventions related to the fight against poverty and exclusion, based on concrete actions that contribute to the achievement of common goals.

b)Objectives of the Forum

General objective

The main objective of this forum was to make a plea to the national and international community for a collective participation in the solidarity effort in favour of the underprivileged.

Specific objectives

- Make a diagnosis of vulnerability in Cameroon;
- Present the experience of traditional society in relation to the practice of solidarity;
- Make a diagnosis of the social situation of disadvantaged groups;
- Present national solidarity as a main sustainable solution to vulnerability;
- Raise the effective commitment of the national and international community for a more efficient action in favour of disadvantaged groups;
- Provide a legal framework for the management and coordination of the actions for the fight against actions against National Solidarity;
- Draft a priority plan of action for the fight against vulnerability.

3- Content of works

The works of the forum, beyond the inaugural lecture "national solidarity and social development" focused on thematic exposés followed by group work with restitutions and debates in plenary.
These themes include:
- Theme 1: Cameroonian traditional society and the practice of solidarity in favour of the most vulnerable;
- Theme 2 : diagnosis of the social situation of disadvantaged groups;
Workshops linked to theme 2:
• Workshop 1 : Children in distress with special protection needs;
• Workshop 2 : Socially maladjusted people ;
• Workshop 3 : Old persons in distress ;
• Workshop 4 : Communities victims of social exclusion.
- Theme 3 : system of social protection in Cameroon and protection disadvantaged groups ;
- Theme 4 : Compared analysis of experiences on the organisation of solidarity in favour of disadvantaged groups :
• Exposé N°4. 1 : Experience of the French Republic
• Exposé N°4. 2 : Experience of the Tunisian Republic
• Exposé N°4. 3 : Experience of private companies in matters related to solidarity (Guinness Cameroun ; PMUC ; AAPPEC ; Foyer SAINT MICHEL).
- Theme 5 (Reflections in workshops and restitution of the results in plenary): identification and selection of common execution mechanisms of priority actions of solidarity; recommendation proposals for the operationalisation of the works of the forum (legal framework, social partnership, solidarity fund, etc.).
- Theme 6 (Reflections in workshops and restitution of the results in plenary): identification and selection of orientations of priority actions in matters related to National Solidarity.

4- Follow-up of the recommendations of the forum

Within the framework of the implementation of the recommendations of the Forum on National Solidarity, a series of actions were carried out to improve care delivery to the underprivileged in Cameroon. They affect different target groups. Some of these actions may include the:
1. Organisation from 2006 to 2009 of four editions of the day of social action in Cameroon, under the distinguished patronage of the First Lady, Mrs Chantal BIYA. A day devoted to the strengthening of the advocacy in favour of the implementation of National Solidarity in Cameroon and the grant of subsidies of more than a million CFA Francs to more than two hundred Private Social Concerns and NGOs/Associations delivering care to vulnerable groups;
2. Holding of six inter-ministerial meetings between the Ministry of Social Affairs and other departments involved in the implementation of the social policy in Cameroon including ministerial departments in charge of Higher Education, Public Works, Secondary Education, Justice, Public Health as well as Territorial Administration and Decentralisation. The objective of these various meetings was to take into consideration the vulnerable approach in general and specifically the disability approach within strategies, programmes and policies of these various sectors. These meetings led to the signing of various joint circular letters between MINAS, MINESEC, MINESUP, DGSN, MINEFOP, etc.. In addition, a mixed inter-ministerial committee was put in place at the end of each meeting in order to deeply follow reflections engaged and identify measures and actions susceptible to be carried out to fight against social exclusion;
3. Beginning of the implementation of the project to create a National Solidarity Fund in Cameroon through the realisation of a study on the establishment of the said fund and the drafting of related reference documents forwarded to the hierarchy.  It should be noted that the creation of a national solidarity fund in Cameroon is one of the main resolutions of the forum. It consists in putting in place a multisectorial initiative of funding resources which shall cover the needs of vulnerable groups in the domains of education, health, income generating activities, equipments, socioeconomic reintegration of vulnerable groups and care delivery to extreme cases of vulnerability;
4. Signing of partnership agreements with various organisations including NEF, CNPS, IAI, MIPROMALO, Nestlé Cameroon, Addax Petroleum etc., for the improvement of the living conditions and socioeconomic reintegration of vulnerable groups including persons with disabilities;
5. Diversification of partnership and international solidarity through exploration of ways of cooperation with Japan, Brasilia, India, etc.


English (UK)



May 2020

Visitors Statistics

mod_vvisit_counterThis week2591
mod_vvisit_counterLast week2519
mod_vvisit_counterThis month32984
mod_vvisit_counterLast month66411
mod_vvisit_counterAll days1767788

Who's Online

We have 33 guests online